When you buy food in your local stores, the first thing you look at is the ingredients.
Role of food ingredients
Food manufacturers have many reasons to add ingredients. Here are some of these reasons:
To preserve the freshness and safety of food: The ingredients used to perform this function are preservatives. They prevent food spoilage, thus reducing the risk of foodborne illness.
To improve the texture of food: I’m sure you’ve noticed that most of the foods you buy in your local store have a better texture than the ones you prepare yourself. This is due to the addition of ingredients. The added ingredients include:
thickeners, emulsifiers, raising agents and stabilizers. Additives give food a light, light and pleasant texture on the tongue.
Flavor enhancers: Spices, sweeteners and other flavors enhance the flavor of foods, so you will enjoy eating them.
Additives help improve appearance: Natural and artificial food colors improve the appearance of natural foods such as juices, cheese, and yogurt.
Common food ingredients
Many additives can be used in food, but some are more common than others. The most common additives are as follows:
Flavors: Include natural and artificial flavors. The most common are salt, citric acid, butter flavors, methyl salicylate, vanilla extract, and vanillin. Flavors are widely used in cereals, soft drinks, salad dressings, yogurts, and bread. Additives give a bitter taste that neutralizes the sweet flavors that are common in beverages.
Food colors: Food colors compensate for the loss of colour that occurs when food is exposed to light. They also enhance the colors that are naturally found in food. The most common food colors you will find in most foods are caramel color, beta-carotene, and annatto extract. Additives are common in yogurt, fruit spreads, candles, cheese, snacks, and pudding.
Sweeteners: They add sweetness to foods and beverages without interfering with the original texture of the food. Common sweeteners include high fructose corn syrup, aspartame, sucrose, honey, agave, and nectar. You will find additives in salad dressings, maple syrup, cereals, juice concentrates, desserts and molasses.
Here’s what you need to know about common food ingredients and their functions. Although additives are harmless to many people, there are people who react to them. If you are one of the people affected by the ingredients, you should avoid foods that contain them.